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英语4习题

2018-08-23 17:53:31 来源网站 百味书屋

英语4习题

  I. 词汇与语法 (每题1分, 共30分)

  1. What are the essential differences ___________ selling and marketing?

  A) between    B) from    C) among    D) for

  2. Jack called the airline to ___________his flight to Beijing this morning.

  A) improve    B) believe    C) confirm    D) insure

  3. It was in the year of 2002___________they set up a branch company in China.

  A) as    B) that    C) what    D) which

  4. You’d better ___________advice before making a project plan.

  A) put down    B) take in    C) turn out    D) ask for

  5. Young people now live a life-style ___________their parents could hardly dream of.

  A) which    B) why    C) when    D) where

  6. While traveling in France, he __________some everyday French.

  A) gave up    B) picked up    C) drew up    D) got up

  7. Hardly __________ at the office when the telephone rang.

  A) I arrived    B) I had arrived    C) did I arrive    D) had I arrived

  8 To work __________with the machineyou must read the instructions carefully.

  A) firstly    B) naturally    C) efficiently    D) generally

  9. We’ll have to continue the discussion tomorrow __________we can make a final decision today.    A) unless    B) because    C) when    D) since

  10. If you have three years’ work experienceyou will be the right ______ for this job.

  A) person    B) passenger    C) tourist    D) customer

  11. She sat there ______ on whether life was worth living, having suffered misfortunes one after another.

  A. considering B. brooding C. thinking D. puzzling

  12. Because of its excellence in quality, for the last two years, Audi car has ______ Germany’s Touring Car Championship.

  A. contested B. dominated C. conquered D. determined

  13. We are all astonished to learn that the ________ scholar was really a spy.

  A. respectful B. respective C. respectable D. respected

  14. If you find this item to difficult to _______, it is advisable to leave as it is and move on to the next one.

  A. work out B. work on C. work for D. work at

  15. The mayor was asked to _____ his speech in order to allow his audience to raise questions.

  A. constrain B. conduct C. condense D. converge

  16. When photographing an object from different viewpoints, the photographer’s perspective of ______ changes.

  A. how is seen B. where is seen C. which is seen D. what is seen

  17. The victims of drunken driving in America over the past decade _______ an incredible 250,000 with three killed every hour of every day on average.

  A. made up for B. add up to C. come up with D. put up with

  18. The novelty of washing dishes soon _____, and then Mary did not want to do it any more.

  A. wore away B. wore off C. wore out D. wore down

  19. The child was _____ drowned when a passer-by came to his rescue.

  A. anything but B. all right C. nothing but D. all but

  20. Becoming aware of our mother’s age, not just in numbers of years but ______ her psychological and physical state, often helps us to understand her better.

  A. in spite of B. by means of C. in terms of D. in favor of

  21. My father often says that we need a lot of things in our life. But _____, we need love. I agree with him.

  A. above all B. all in all C. after all D. over all

  22. In Britain, wedding arrangement for inviting and _______ guests at a wedding is usually the responsibility of the bride’s family.

  A. sustaining B, cheering C. maintaining D. entertaining

  23. The situation there now is ____ . The authorities admit that they are facing a civil war.

  A. in hand B. off hand C. out of hand D. on hands

  24. China’s economic reform is aimed at separating enterprises from the government. It has been implemented for almost 20 years, but breakthroughs ________ .

  A. have yet to make B. have yet to be made

  C. have been made yet D. to have yet made

  25. The color of your hat should ______ that of your coat. This hat is brown, and your coat is red. These two colors just do not go together.

  A. go by B. go off C. go over D. go with

  26. Women who receive prenatal medical care bear healthier babies and need to spend less on medical care for their children _________ .

  A. when do those not receiving B. than do women who do not receive

  C. while women not receiving D. than who does not receive

  27. The world economy is now facing a steady decline. All countries will have to _____ this quickly and effectively.

  A. act on B. take in C. respond to D. turn out

  28. Mr. Smith said that he would be punctual for the appointment, _______ he were late?

  A. so what B. how about C. but what if D. and what about

  29. You must let me have the annual report without ______ by ten o’clock tomorrow morning.

  A. failure B. hesitation C. trouble D. fail

  30. You feel unhappy now because you got sick and couldn’t go with your friends, but it will turn out ______ .

  A. for the better B. for the best C. for the sake D. for yourself

  II.阅读 (每题2分, 共30分)

  Passage A

  Subways are underground trainswhich usually operate 24 hours a day. They are found in larger cities and usually run between the suburbs and the downtown area. Maps and schedules are available from the ticket offices. If you take the subway oftenyou can save money by purchasing a monthly pass(月票).

  City-operated buses run on various routes(线路)and are designed to be at certain places at certain times. Maps and schedules may be posted at certain stopsor they may be available at local bankslibrariesthe student unionor from the bus drivers. Buses run mainly during the day. Fare is paid by exact change in coins, or by monthly passes.

  Taxis are generally more expensive in the United States than in other countries. If you use a taxibe sure you ask the amount of the fare before you agree to ride. The driver usually expects a tip(小费)of 15 percent of the fare.

  31. According to the passage, subways as underground trains, which usually run____.

  A) within downtown areas    B) away from city centers

  C) in or outside big modern cities    D) between suburbs and city centers

  32. You can get the maps and schedules of the subways________.

  A) at bus stations    B) at local banks

  C) in any bookstores    D) from the ticket offices

  33. From the passage we learn that________.

  A) buses are always available in 24 hours    B) bus riders have to buy monthly passes    C) bus fare is paid by exact change in coins    D) buses are the best means of transportation

  34. When you take a taxi, you’d better________.

  A) buy a monthly pass    B) ask about the fare first

  C) agree on the amount of the tip    D) pay by the exact change in coins

  35. The passage mainly tells us about________.

  A) the bus and train fares in the US    B) the ways of paying taxi in the US

  C) the public transportation in the US    D) the advantage of subways in the US

  Passage B

  Letter 1

  Dear Ann,    I am going to give a dinner party next month. I want my guests to enjoy themselves and to feel comfortable. What is the secret of giving a successful party?

  Letter 2

  Dear Mary Cook something that would let you spend time with your guestsIf a guest offers to help you in the kitchenaccept the offer. It often makes people feel more comfortable when they can help.   Before serving dinnerwhile your guests make small talks in the living roomoffer them drinks. Some guests may like winebut make sure to provide soft drinks for people who don’t.

  At the dinner tablelet your guests serve themselves. Offer them a second serving after they finish, but don’t ask more than once. Most guests will take more if they want.

  Perhaps the most important rule of all is to be natural. Treat your guests as you want them to treat you when you’re in their home—that isact naturally toward themand don’t try too hard to be polite. Have a good time in a pleasant atmosphere.

  36. From the first letter we learn that Mary ________ .

  A) is asking for advice on giving a dinner party B) knows the secret of giving a pleasant party    C) is going to attend a dinner party    D) has successfully held a party

  37. Ann’s first piece of advice is that Mary should________.

  A) get the food ready before the guests arrive   B) keep the guests away from the kitchen    C) spend some time with the guests    D) accept the guests’ offer to help

  38. Ann suggests that Mary offer drinks________.

  A) while the guests are having small talks    B) when all the guests have arrived

  C) after the guests finish small talks    D) after the dinner comes to an end

  39. When having dinnerthe guests are expected to________.

  A) eat their food slowly    B) help the host serve food

  C) serve each other at the table    D) help themselves to more food

  40. The most important rule for Mary to follow in treating her guests is to________.

  A) be as polite as she can    B) let them feel at home

  C) prepare delicious food    D) create a formal atmosphere

  Passage C

  I arrived in the United States on February 6, 1966, but I remember my first day here very clearly. My friend was waiting for me when my plane landed at Kennedy Airport at three o’clock in the afternoon. The weather was very cold and it was snowing, but I was too excited to mind.

  From the airport, my friend and I took a taxi to my hotel. On the way, I saw the skyline of Manhattan for the first time and I stared in astonishment at the famous skyscrapers and their man-made beauty. My friend helped me unpack at the hotel and then left me because he had to go back to work. He promised to return the next day.

  Shortly after my friend had left, I went to a restaurant near the hotel to get something to eat. Because I couldn’t speak a word of English. I couldn’t tell the waiter what I wanted. I was very upset and started to make some gestures, but the waiter didn’t understand me. Finally,I ordered the same thing the man at the next table was eating. After dinner, I started to walk along Broadway until I came to Times Square with its movie theatres, neon lights, and huge crowds of people. I did not feel tired, so I continued to walk around the city. I wanted to see everything on my first day. I knew it was impossible, but I wanted to try.

  When I returned to the hotel, I was exhausted, but I couldn’t sleep because I kept hearing the fire and police sirens during the night. I lay awake and thought about New York .It was a very big and interesting city with many tall buildings and big cars, and full of noise and busy people. I also decided right then that I had to learn to speak English.

  41. On the way to his hotel, the writer__________________________.

  A. was silent all the time

  B. kept talking to his friend

  C. looked out of the window with great interest

  D. showed his friend something he brought with him

  42. He went to _________ to get something to eat.

  A. a tea house B. a pub

  C. a café room D. a nearby restaurant

  43. He did not have what he really wanted, because_______________.

  A. he only made some gestures

  B. he did not order at all

  C. he could not make himself understood

  D. the waiter was unwilling to serve

  44. The waiter_____________________.

  A. knew what he would order

  B. finally understood what he said

  C. took the order through his gestures

  D. served the same thing the man at the next table was having

  45. After dinner, he________________.

  A. walked back to the hotel right away

  B. had a walking tour about the city

  C. went to the movies

  D. did some shopping on Broadway

  得分评卷人

  III 完形填空. ((每题1分, 共20分)

  Today, most countries in the world have canals. Many countries have built canals near the coast, and parallel 1)______ the coast. Even in the twentieth century, goods can be moved more cheaply by boat than by any other 2)______ of transport. These 3)______ make it possible for boats to travel 4)______ ports along the coast without being 5)______ to the dangers of the open. Some canals, such as the Suez and the Panama, save ships weeks of time by making their 6)______ a thousand miles shorter. Other canals permit boats to reach cities that are not 7)______ on the coast, still other canals 8)______ lands where there is too much water, help to 9)______ fields where there is not enough water, and 10)______ water power for factories and mills. The size of a canal 11)______ on the kind of boats going through it. The canal must be wide enough to permit two of the largest boats using it to 12)______ each other easily. It must be deep enough to leave about two feet of water 13)______ the keel of the largest boat using the canal. When the planet Mars was first 14)______ through a telescope, people saw that the round disk of the planet was criss-crossed by a 15)______ of strange blue-green lines. These were called“canals”16)______ they looked the same as canals on earth 17)______ are viewed from an airplane. However, scientists are now 18)______ that the Martian phenomena are really not canals. The photographs 19)______ from space-ships have helped us to 20)______ the truth about the Martia “canals”.

  1)A offB withC toD by

  2)A way B meansC methodD approach

  3)A waterways B waterfrontsC channelsD paths

  4)A among B between C inD to

  5)A revealed B exposedC openedD shown

  6)A tripB journeyC voyageD route

  7)A lain B stationedC setD located

  8)A escape B drainC dryD leak

  9)A water B wetC soakD irrigate

  10)A furnish B affordC offerD give

  11)A focuses B basesC dependsD takes

  12)A cross B passC moveD advance

  13)A down B belowC beneathD off

  14)A studiedB researchedC surveyedD observed

  15)A few B numberC dealD supply

  16)A although B becauseC soD if

  17)A thatB whereC whenD as

  18)A exactB definiteC certainD decisive

  19)A held B takenC gotD developed

  20)A findB exposeC uncoverD discover

  IV 写作 (20 points)

  按照下面题?#32771;?#35201;求写一篇120字以上的短文。

  The Purposes of Entering College

  You are to write in three parts:

  In the first part, state what you think.

  In the second part, support your view with some reasons.

  In the last part, bring your writing to a natural conclusion or a summary.

  Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness. Failure to follow the instructions may result in a loss of marks.

  Key to the test (本)本科试题答案

  I 1-10 A C B D A, BDCAA; 11-20 ACADB, AADAB

  21-30 AADDD, CDCCB(30分)

  II, 31-45 D-CBC, ADACB, DDACC(30分)

  III, 46-65 C-ADA, -CDAB, AC-BA, BBDAC(20分)

  IV. (20分)根据表达的通顺程度评分。


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